Mike’s Google Scholar Profile

 Journal Publications

2022; 2021; 2020; 2019; 2018; 2017; 2016; 2015; 2014; 2013; 2012; 2011; 2010; 2009; 2008; 2007; 2006; 2005; 2004; 2003; 2002; 2000; pre 2000 


Sarah Guth, Nardus Mollentze, Katia Renault, Daniel G. Streicker, Elisa Visher, Mike Boots, and Cara E. Brook (2022). Bats host the most virulent—but not the most dangerous—zoonotic viruses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 119(14):e2113628119 10.1073/pnas.2113628119

Cara Brook, Graham Northrup, Alexander Ehrenberg, Jennifer Doudna and Mike Boots (2022). Optimizing COVID-19 control with asymptomatic surveillance testing in a university environment. Epidemics. 37: 100527.

Sebastien Lion, Mike Boots and Akira Sasaki (2022). Multi-morph eco-evolutionary dynamics in structured populations. The American Naturalist. 200(3)


Akira Sasaki, Sébastien Lion and Mike Boots (2021). Antigenic escape selects for the evolution of higher pathogen transmission and virulence. Nature Ecology and Evolution.

Laura W. Alexander, Rotem Ben-Shachar,  Leah C. Katzelnick, Guillermina Kuan, Angel Balmaseda, Eva Harris, Mike Boots (2021). Boosting can explain patterns of fluctuations of ratios of inapparent to symptomatic dengue virus infections. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 118 (14) e2013941118;

Elisa Visher, Claire Evensen, Sarah Guth, Edith Lai, Marina Norfolk, Carly Rozins, Nina A. Sokolov, Melissa Sui, Michael Boots (2021). The Three Ts of Virulence Evolution During Zoonotic Emergence. Proceedings of the Royal Society. 288 (1956), 20210900.

Mike Boots, Dylan Childs, Jessica Crossmore, Hannah Tidbury and Volker Rudolf (2021). Experimental evidence that local interactions select against selfish behavior. Ecology Letters.

Bartlett, Lewis J., and Mike Boots (2021). The central role of host reproduction in determining the evolution of virulence in spatially structured populations. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 523, 110717.

Lewis J. Bartlett, Michael Boots, Berry J. Brosi, Jacobus C. de Roode, Keith S. Delaplane, Catherine A Hernandez, Lena Wilfert (2021). Persistent effects of management history on honeybee colony virus abundances.  Journal of Invertebrate Pathology: 179, 107520.

Alexander J Ehrenberg, Erica A Moehle, Cara E Brook, Andrew H Doudna Cate, Lea B Witkowsky, Rohan Sachdeva, Ariana Hirsh, Kerrie Barry, Jennifer R Hamilton, Enrique Lin-Shiao, Shana McDevitt, Luis Valentin-Alvarado, Kaitlyn N Letourneau, Lauren Hunter, Amanda Keller, Kathleen Pestal, Phillip A Frankino, Andrew Murley, Divya Nandakumar, Elizabeth C Stahl, Connor A Tsuchida, Holly K Gildea, Andrew G Murdock, Megan L Hochstrasser, Elizabeth O’Brien, Alison Ciling, Alexandra Tsitsiklis, Kurtresha Worden, Claire Dugast-Darzacq, Stephanie G Hays, Colin C Barber, Riley McGarrigle, Emily K Lam, David C Ensminger, Lucie Bardet, Carolyn Sherry, Anna Harte, Guy Nicolette, Petros Giannikopoulos, Dirk Hockemeyer, Maya Petersen, Fyodor D Urnov, Bradley R Ringeisen, Mike Boots, Jennifer A Doudna, IGI SARS-CoV-2 Testing Consortium (2021). Launcing a saliva-based SARS-CoV-2 surveillance testing program on a university campus. PloS one. e0251296


Elisa Visher and Mike Boots (2020). The Problem of Mediocre Generalists: Population Genetics and Eco-Evolutionary Perspectives on Host Breadth Evolution in Pathogens. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B: 1933, 20201230.

Katherine E. Roberts, Sean Meaden, Stephen Sharpe, Suzanne Kay, Toby Doyle, Drew Wilson, Lewis J. Bartlett, Steve Paterson and Mike Boots (2020). The genomic basis of evolved virus resistance is dependent on environmental resources’. Molecular Ecology: 29(21), 4128-4142.

Sarah Guth, Kathryn Hanley, Benjamin M. Althouse and Mike Boots (2020). Ecological processes underlying the emergence of novel enzootic cycles—arboviruses in the neotropics as a case study. PLOS NTD: 14(8), e0008338.

Bartlett, Lewis, Elisa Visher, Katherine Roberts and Mike Boots (2020). The target of selection matters: An established resistance – development-time negative genetic trade-off is not found when selecting on development time. Journal of Evolutionary Biology: 33(8), 1109-1119.

Cara E. Brook, Mike Boots, Kartik Chandran, Andrew P. Dobson, Andrea L. Graham, Bryan T. Grenfell, Marcel Muller, Melinda Ng, Lin-fa Wang, Anieke van Leeuwen (2020).  Accelerated viral dynamics in bat cell lines, with implications for zoonotic emergence. elife: e4840

Manley, R., Temperton, Boots, M., Wilfert, L. (2020). Contrasting impacts of a novel specialist vector on multi‐host viral pathogen epidemiology in wild and managed bees. Molecular Ecology: 29 (2), 380-393.

Tierra Smiley Evans, Zhengli Shi, Michael Boots, Wenjun Liu, Kevin J Olival, Xiangming Xiao, Sue Vandewoude, Heidi Brown, Ji-Long Chen, David J Civitello, Luis Escobar, Yrjo Grohn, Hongying Li, Karen Lips, Qiyoung Liu, Jiahai Lu, Beatriz Martínez-López, Jishu Shi, Xiaolu Shi, Biao Xu, Lihong Yuan, Guoqiang Zhu, Wayne M Getz (2020). Synergistic China–US ecological research is essential for global emerging infectious disease preparedness. EcoHealth: 1-14.

Lauren J. Cator, Leah R. Johnson, Erin A. Mordecai, Fadoua El Moustaid, Thomas R.C. Smallwood, Shannon L. LaDeau, Michael A. Johansson, Peter J. Hudson, Michael Boots, Matthew B. Thomas, AlisonG. Power, Samraat Pawar (2020).  The Role of Vector Trait Variation in Vector-Borne Disease Dynamics. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.


Bartlett, Lewis; Rozins, Carly; Brosi, Berry; Delaplane, Keith; de Roode, Jaap; White, Andrew; Wilfert, Lena; Boots, Mike (2019). Industrial bees: the impact of apicultural intensification on local disease prevalence. Journal of Applied Ecology:56(9), 2195-2205

Manley, R., Temperton, B., Doyle, T., Gates, D., Hedges, S., Boots, M., Wilfert, L. (2019). Knock-on community impacts of viral disease emergence through the acquisition of a novel vector: Spillover of emerging DWV-B from Varroa-infested honeybees to wild bumblebees. Ecology Letters: 22(8), 1306-1315.

Iritani, R., E. Visher, M Boots (2019) The evolution of stage-specific virulence: differential selection of parasites in juveniles. Evolution Letters:: 3(2), 162-172

Eleanor Tanner, Andy White, Peter, W.W. Lurz, Christian Gortazar, Iratxe, Dez-Delgado, and Mike Boots (2019). The critical role of infectious disease in compensatory population growth in response to culling. American Naturalist, 194 (1).

Sarah Guth, Elisa Visher, Mike Boots, and Cara E. Brook (2019). Host phylogenetic distance drives trends in virus virulence and transmissibility across the animal-human interface. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 374 (1782),

Ben Ashby, Ryosuke Iritani, Alex Best, Andy White, Mike Boots (2019). Understanding the role of eco-evolutionary feedbacks in host-parasite coevolution. Journal of Theoretical Biology: 464, 115-125

Silk, Matthew; Rozins, Carly; Boots, Mike Croft, Darren; Delahay, Richard; Hodgson, Dave; McDonald, Robbie (2019). Integrating social behaviour, demography and disease dynamics in network models: applications to disease management in declining wildlife populations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 374 (1781), 20180211.


Mike Boots and Alex Best (2018). The evolution of constitutive and induced defenses to infectious disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B. 285, 20180658.

Lewis Bartlett, Lena Wilfert and Mike Boots (2018). A genotypic trade-off between constitutive resistance to viral infection and host growth rate. Evolution, 72 (12), 2749-2757

Rozins, Carly; Silk, Matthew; Croft, Darren; Delahay, Richard; Hodgson, Dave; McDonald, Robbie; Weber, Nicola; Boots, Mike (2018). Social structure contains epidemics and regulates individual roles in disease transmission in a group-living mammal. Ecology and Evolution, in press.

Lewis J Bartlett, Colin J Carlson, Mike Boots (2018). Identifying regions of risk to honeybees from Zika vector control in the U.S. Journal of Apicultural Research  vol. 57 no. 5. DOI 10.1080/00218839.2018.1494914

Matthew J Silk, Nicola L Weber, Lucy C Steward, David J Hodgson, Mike Boots, Darren P Croft, Richard J Delahay, Robbie A McDonald (2018) Contact networks structured by sex underpin sex-specific epidemiology of infection. Ecology Letters, 21: 309-311. 10.1111/ele.12898

Colin Carlson, Eric Dougherty, Michael Boots, Wayne Getz, and Sadie Ryan (2018) Consensus and conflict among ecological forecasts of Zika virus outbreaks in the United States. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 4921.

Matthew J Silk, Julian A. Drewe, Richard J. Delahay, Nicola Weber, Lucy C. Steward, Jared Wilson-Aggarwal, Mike Boots, David J. Hodgson, Darren P. Croft & Robbie A. McDonald (2018) Quantifying direct and indirect contacts for the potential transmission of infection between species using a multilayer contact network. Behaviour. DOI 10.1163/1568539X-00003493.

Iratxe Díez-Delgado, Iker A Sevilla, Beatriz Romero, Eleanor Tanner, Jose A Barasona, Andrew R White, Peter WW Lurz, Mike Boots, José de la Fuente, Lucas Dominguez, Joaquin Vicente, Joseba M Garrido, Ramón A Juste, Alicia Aranaz, Christian Gortazar (2018) Impact of piglet oral vaccination against tuberculosis in endemic free-ranging wild boar populations. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 155: 11-20.

Matthew J Silk, Nicola L Weber, Lucy C Steward, David J Hodgson, Mike Boots, Darren P Croft, Richard J Delahay, Robbie A McDonald (2018) Contact networks structured by sex underpin sex-specific epidemiology of infection. Ecology Letters, 21: 309-311. 10.1111/ele.12898


Berry J. Brosi, Keith S. Delaplane, Michael Boots and Jacobus C. de Roode (2017) Ecological and evolutiona­ry approaches to managing honey bee disease. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1(9), 1250-1262.

Ashby B & M. Boots (2017) Multi-mode fluctuating selection in host-parasite coevolution. Ecology Letters, 20: 357–365 DOI: 10.1111/ele.12734

Alex Best, Ben Ashby, Andy White, Roger Bowers, Angus Buckling, Britt Koskella and Mike Boots (2017) Host-parasite fluctuating selection in the absence of specificity. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B, DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.1615

Silk, Matthew; Weber, Nicola; Steward, Lucy; Delahay, Richard; Croft, Darren; Hodgson, David; Boots, Mike; McDonald, Robbie (2017) Seasonal variation in daily patterns of social contacts in the European badger Meles meles. Ecology and Evolution, DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3402.

Matthew J. Silk, Darren P. Croft, Richard J. Delahay, David J. Hodgson, Mike Boots, Nicola Weber and Robbie A. McDonald (2017) Using social network metrics in wildlife disease ecology and epidemiology. Biosciences, 67, 245-257.

Min Su, Mike Boots (2017) The impact of resource quality on the evolution of virulence in spatially heterogeneous environments. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 416, 1-7.

Matthew J. Silk, Darren P. Croft, Richard J. Delahay, David J. Hodgson, Mike Boots, Nicola Weber and Robbie A. McDonald (2017). The application of social network models in disease research. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 8(9), 1026-1041. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12770 .

Donnelly R., A. White, & M. Boots (2017) Host lifespan and the evolution of resistance to multiple parasites. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 30(3), 561-570 10.1111/jeb.13025

Manley, Boots, & Wilfert (2017) Condition-dependent virulence of Slow Bee Paralysis Virus in Bombus terrestris: Are the impacts of honeybee viruses in wild pollinators underestimated? Oecologia, 184(2), 305-315.

Best, A., A. White & M. Boots (2017). Sterility and the evolution of host defences to parasitism. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 18(4), 393-409.


Wilfert L., G. Long, H. C. Leggett, P. Schmid-Hempel, R. Butlin, S.J.M. Martin. M. Boots (2016). Deformed Wing Virus is a Recent Global Epidemic in Honeybees driven by Varroa Mites. Science, 351(6273), 594-597.

Lynch PA, and M. Boots (2016) Using evolution to generate sustainable malaria control with spatial repellents. elife 5:e15416  DOI: 10.7554/eLife.15416

van Houte S., A. K.E. Ekroth, J. M. Broniewski, H. Chabas, B. Ashby, J. Bondy-Denomy, S. Gandon, M. Boots, S. Paterson, A. J. Buckling and E. R. Westra (2016) The diversity-generating benefits of a prokaryotic adaptive immune system. Nature, 532(7599), 385-388.

White Andy, Peter WW Lurz, Jenny Bryce, Mel Tonkin, Karen Ramoo, Lindsay Bamforth, Andrew Jarrott, Mike Boots (2016). Modelling disease spread in real landscapes: Squirrelpox spread in Southern Scotland as a case study. Hystrix, 27, (1).

Jones Hannah, Andy White, Neville Geddes, Paul Clavey, Jonathan Farries, Tom Dearnley, Mike Boots, Peter Wilhelm Lurz (2016). Modelling the impact of forest design plans on an endangered mammal species: the Eurasian red squirrel. Hystrix, 27, (1).

Grunnill M & M. Boots (2016). How important is vertical transmission of Dengue virus by mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae), Journal of Medical Entomology, 53, (1), 1-19.


Ashby B & M. Boots (2015). The coevolution of parasite virulence and host mating strategies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112(43) 13290-13295.

Boots M (2015). The Need for Evolutionarily Rational Disease Interventions: Vaccination Can Select for Higher Virulence. PLOS Biology 13(8) e1002236.

Donnelly R., A. Best, A. White, & M. Boots (2015). The epidemiological feedbacks critical to the evolution of host immunity. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 28(11), 2042-2053.

Elze Hesse, Alex Best, Mike Boots, Alex R. Hall and Angus Buckling (2015). Spatial heterogeneity lowers rather than increases diversity by reducing host-parasite specialization. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 28(9) 1682-1690.

Westra ER, van Houte S, Oyesiku-Blakemore S,Makin B, Broniewski JM, Best A, Bondy-Denomy J,Davidson A, Boots M, Buckling A (2015). Parasite Exposure Drives Selective Evolution of Constitutive versus Inducible Defense. Current Biology 25, 1043-1049.

Taggart, S.J., H. Tidbury, S. Bridgett, J.S. Garbutt, G. Kaur & M. Boots (2015). Novel insights into the insect transcriptome response to a natural DNA virus. BMC Genomics, 16, 310.

Manley, R, M.Boots & L. Wilfert (2015) Emerging viral disease risk to pollinating insects: ecological, evolutionary and anthropogenic factors. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52, 331-340.

Grunnill M & M. Boots (2015). The Importance of Vertical Transmission of Dengue Viruses by Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae), Journal of Medical Entomology, 53, (1), 1-19.


White A, S Bell, P.W. Lurz & M. Boots (2014) Conservation management within strongholds in the face of disease-mediated invasions: red and grey squirrels as a case study. Journal of Applied Ecology, 51, 1631-1642.

Lopez Pascua L, A.R. Hall, A. Best, A. D. Morgan, M. Boots & Angus Buckling (2014). Higher resources decrease fluctuating selection during host-parasite coevolution. Ecology Letters, 17, 1380-1388.

Boots M, A.White, A. Best & R. Bowers (2014). How specificity and epidemiology drive the coevolution of static trait diversity in hosts and parasites. Evolution, 68, 1594-1606.

Best A, A. White & M. Boots (2014). The co-evolutionary implications of host tolerance. Evolution, 68, 1426-1435.

McVicker G, T. K. Prajsnar, A. Williams, M. Boots, S.A. Renshaw & S.J. Foster (2014). Clonal Expansion During Staphylococcus aureus Infection Dynamics Reveals the Effect of Antibiotic Intervention. PLOS PATHOGENS 10, e1003959.

Ryder J. R., M Hoare, D. Pastok, M. Bottery, M. Boots, A. Fenton, D. Atkinson, R. J. Knell, & G. D. D. Hurst (2014). Disease epidemiology in arthropods is altered by the presence of non-protective symbionts. The American Naturalist, 183, E89-E104.


Boots M, R. Donnelly & A. White (2013). Optimal immune defence in the light of variation of lifespan. Parasite Immunology, 35, 331-338.

Leggett H. C., A. Buckling, G. H. Long & M. Boots (2013). Generalism and the evolution of parasite virulence. TREE, 28, 592-596.

Best A, H. Tidbury, A. White and M. Boots (2013). The evolutionary dynamics of within-generation immune priming in invertebrate hosts. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 10, 20120887.

Donnelly R., A. Best, A. White, & M. Boots (2013). Seasonality selects for higher virulence when virulence is density dependent. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280, 20122464.

Webb, S.D., Keeling, M.J., Boots, M. (2013) A theoretical study of the role of spatial population structure in the evolution of parasite virulence. Theoretical Population Biology, 84, 36-45.

Webb S.D., M. J. Keeling & M. Boots (2013). The role of spatial population structure on the evolution of parasites with acquired immunity and demography. Journal of Theoretical Biology 324, 21-31

Rasheed, S.B., Butlin R.K. & Boots M. (2013). A review of dengue as an emerging disease in Pakistan. Public Health 127, 11-17.

Antonovics J, M. Boots, D Ebert, B. Koskella, M. Poss, B. Sadd (2013). The origin of specificity by means of natural selection: evolved and non-host resistance in host-pathogen systems. Evolution 67, 1-9.

Rasheed, S. B., M. Boots, A. Frantz & R. Butlin (2013). Population Structure of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Pakistan. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 27, 430-440.

Ryder J.J., M. Hoare, D. Pastok, M. Bottery, M. Boots, D. Atkinson, R. J. Knell & G. D. D. Hurst (2013). Food-driven hotspots of a disease epidemic. Behavioural Ecology, 24, 723-729.


Boots M, A. White, A. Best & R. Bowers (2012). Diversity in host resistance: The importance of who infects whom. Ecology Letters 15, 1104-1111.

Boots M. & K. Roberts (2012). Indirect Maternal Effects in Disease Resistance: Poor Maternal Environment Increases Offspring Resistance to an Insect Virus. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279, 4009-4014.

Tidbury H., A. Best & M. Boots (2012). The Epidemiological Consequences of Immune Priming. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. 279, 4505-4512.

Best A, G. Long, A, White & M. Boots (2012). The impact of immunopathology to parasite evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279, 3234-3240.

Strauss A, A. White & M. Boots (2012). Invading with biological weapons: the importance of disease mediated invasions. Functional Ecology 26, 1249-1261.

Best A., S. Webb, J. Antonovics & M. Boots (2012). Local Transmission Processes and Disease Driven Host Extinctions. Theoretical Ecology 5, 211-217.

Rasheed S B, R K Butlin, N. Ali, S. A. Shah, R. M. Tariq & M. Boots (2012). A Review of Dengue as an Emerging disease in Pakistan. Public Health 127, 11-17.

Prajsnar T. K., R. Hamilton, J. Garcia-Lara, G. McVicker, A.Williams, M.Boots, S. J. Foster and S. A. Renshaw (2012). A Privileged Intraphagocyte Niche is Responsible for Disseminated Infection of Staphylococcus aureus in a Zebrafish Model. Cellular Microbiology, 14, 1600-1619.

Dieng, H. G.M.S. Rahman, A Abu Hassan, M.R.C. Salman, T. Satho, F. Miake, M. Boots & A. Sazaly (2012) The effects of simulated rainfall on immature population dynamics of Aedes albopictus and female oviposition. International Journal of Biometeorology, 56, 113-120.


Boots M. (2011) The evolution of host defence is determined by resource dependent costs. The American Naturalist 178, 214-220.

Long G.H. & M. Boots (2011) How Can Immune Attack Shape the Evolution of Parasite Virulence? Trends in Parasitology 27, 300-305.

Best A, S. Webb, A. White & M. Boots (2011). Host Resistance and Co-evolution in Spatially Structured Populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 278, 2216-2222.

Tidbury H., A. B. Pedersen & M. Boots (2011). Within and Transgenerational Immune Priming in an Insect to a DNA Virus. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. 278, 871-876.

Jones E.O., A. White & M. Boots (2011). The evolution of host protection by vertically transmitted parasites. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. 278, 863-870.

Reynolds J. H., A, White, J.A. Sherratt & M.Boots (2011). The population dynamical consequences of density-dependent prophylaxis. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 288, 1-8.

Bacelar F.S., A. White, & M. Boots (2011). Life history and mating systems select for male biased parasitism mediated through natural selection and ecological feedbacks. Journal of Theoretical Biology 269, 131-137.

Saejeng A., M.T. Siva-Jothy, & M. Boots (2011). Low cost antiviral activity of Plodia interpunctella haemolymph in vivo demonstrated by dose dependent infection and haemolymph inoculation. Journal of Insect Physiology 57, 246-250.

Leggett H.C., E.O. Jones, T. Burke, R. S. Hails, S. M. Sait & M. Boots (2011). Population genetic structure of the winter moth, Operophtera brumata, in the Orkney Isles suggests long distance dispersal. Ecological Entomology, 36, 318-325.

Vale P. F., A. Best, M. Boots, & T. J. Little (2011). Context-dependent parasitism and the tragedy of tolerance. The American Naturalist, 177, 510-521.

Antonovics J. M. Boots, J. Abbate , C. Baker, Q. McFrederick & V. Panjeti (2011). Biology and evolution of sexual transmission. Annuals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1230, 12-24.

Laughton A.M., M. Boots & M. T. Siva-Jothy (2011). The ontogeny of immunity in the honey bee, Apis mellifera L. following immune challenge. Journal of Insect Physiology 57, 1023-1032.

Ahmad, A, AH Ahmad, H Dieng, T Satho, H Ahmad, AT Aziz, , M Boots (2011). Cadaver Wrapping and Arrival Performance of Adult Flies in an Oil Palm Plantation in Northern Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Medical Entomology. 48, 1236-1246.


Lion, S. & M. Boots (2010). Are parasites “prudent” in space? Ecology Letters 13, 1245-1255.

Best, A. A., White, E. Kisdi, J. Antonovics, M.A. Brockhurst & M. Boots (2010). The evolution of host-parasite range. The American Naturalist 176, 63-71.

Rudolf, V.H.W, M. Kamo & M. Boots (2010) The co-evolution of cannibalism and dispersal: The role of spatial self-structuring. The American Naturalist 175, 513-524.

Jones, E.O., A White & M. Boots (2010) The evolutionary implications of conflict between parasites with different transmission modes. Evolution 64, 2408-2416.

Best, A. A., White & M. Boots (2010). Resistance is Futile: Tolerance can explain why parasites don’t always castrate their hosts. Evolution 64, 348-357.

Childs, D.Z. & M. Boots (2010). Seasonal Forcing, Immunity and the Dynamics of Malaria. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 7, 309-319.

Adams, B. & M. Boots (2010) How important is vertical transmission in mosquitoes    for the persistence of dengue? Insights from a mathematical model. Epidemics 2, 1-10.

Saejeng, A.,H., Tidbury, M.T. Siva-Jothy & M. Boots (2010). Examining the Relationship Between Hemolymph Phenoloxidase and Resistance to a DNA virus, Plodia interpunctella Granulosis Virus (PiGV). Journal of Insect Physiology 56, 1232-1236.

Saifur R.G.M, H Dieng, A Abu Hassan, T. Satho, F. Miake, M. Boots, M.R.C. Salmah & S. AbuBakar (2010). The effects of moisture on viposition responses and larval eclosion of Aedes albopictus. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 26(4)

Dieng H, R.G.M Saifur, A Abu Hassan, M.R.C. Salmah., M. Boots, T. Satho, Z. Jaal & S. AbuBakar (2010). Indoor-Breeding of Aedes albopictus in Northern Peninsular Malaysia and Its Potential Epidemiological Implications. Plos One 5(7), e11790.


Boots, M, D., Childs, D. C., Reuman & M. Mealor (2009). Local Interactions Lead to Pathogen Driven Change to Host Population Dynamics. Current Biology 19, 1660-1664.

Bell, S.S., A. White & M. Boots (2009). Invading with biological weapons: the role of shared disease in ecological invasions. Theoretical Ecology 2, 53-66.

Boots, M., A Best, M.R. Miller, & A White (2009). The role of ecological feedbacks in the evolution of host defence: what does theory tell us? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B. 364, 27-36.

Sorrell, I, A. White, A. B. Pedersen, R. S. Hails & M. Boots (2009). The Evolution of Covert Infection as a Parasite Strategy. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B. 276, 2217-2226

Best, A., A. White & M. Boots (2009). The implications of co-evolutionary dynamics to host-parasite interactions. The American Naturalist 173, 779-791.


Boots, M (2008). Fight or learn to live with the consequences? Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 23, 248-250.

Best, A., A. White & M. Boots (2008). The maintenance of host variation in tolerance to pathogens and parasites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 20786-20791.

Hamilton R, Siva-Jothy M & M.Boots (2008). Two arms are better than one: Variation in parasite growth rates selects for combined inducible and constitutive innate immune responses. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 275, 937-945.

Hoyle, A., R.G. Bowers, A. White & M. Boots (2008). The evolutionary implications of the shape of trade-offs in different ecological contexts. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 250, 498-511.


Boots, M. & M. Mealor (2007). Local interactions select for lower infectivity. Science, 315, 1184-1186.

Bell, S.S., A. White & M. Boots (2007). Invading with biological weapons: the role of shared disease in ecological invasions. Theoretical Ecology 2, 53-66

Webb S.D., M.J Keeling & M.Boots (2007). Host-parasite interactions between the local and the mean-field: how and when does spatial population structure matter? Journal of Theoretical Biology. 249 140-152.

Beckerman, A.P., M. Boots & K. J. Gaston (2007). Urban bird declines and the fear of cats. Journal of Animal Conservation. 10, 320-325.

Adams, B, A Sasaki & M Boots (2007). The influence of immune cross-reaction on phase structure in resonant solutions of a multi-strain seasonal SIR model. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 248, 202-211.

Miller, M.R., A. White & M.Boots (2007). Host lifespan and the evolution of resistance characteristics. Evolution. 61, 2-14.

Ryder, J.J., M Miller, A White, R. J. Knell & M Boots (2007). Disease dynamics under combined frequency and density dependent transmission. Oikos 116, 2017-2026.

Webb. S. D., M. J. Keeling & M Boots (2007). Spatially extended host-parasite interactions: the role of recovery and immunity. Theoretical Population Biology. 71 (2): 251-266.

Kamo M., A Sasaki & M Boots (2007). The role of trade-off shapes in the evolution of parasites in spatial host populations: an approximate analytical approach. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 244, 588-596.

Dieng, H, M.Boots, J Higashihara, T. Okada, K. Kato, T. Satho. F. Miake & Y. Eshita (2007). Effects of blood and virus-infected blood on protein expression in the midgut of the dengue vector Aedes albopictus. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 21, 1-6.

Jones, E.O, A.W. White & M. Boots (2007) Interference and the Persistence of Vertically Transmitted Parasites. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 246, 10-17.


Adams, B., E. C. Holmes, C. Zhang, M. P. Mammen Jr, S. Nimmannitya, S.Kalayanarooj & M. Boots (2006). Cross-protective immunity can account for the alternating epidemic pattern of dengue virus serotypes circulating in Bangkok. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 103, 14234-14239.

Miller M., A White & M. Boots (2006). The evolution of parasites in response to tolerance in their hosts: The good, the bad and apparent commensalism. Evolution. 60 (5): 945-956.

White, A., Greenman, J., Benton, T.G., Sherratt, J.A. & Boots, M (2006). Evolutionary Behaviour in Ecological Systems with Trade-offs and Complex Population Dynamics. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 8, 387-398.

Mealor, M & M. Boots (2006). Resistance patterns suggest a decreasingly costly resistance mechanism in a model insect-pathogen system. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 19, 326-330.

Kamo, M & M Boots (2006). The evolution of optimal long distant infection in micro-parasites. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 8: 1333-1347.

Childs, D.Z, Cattadori I, Wannapa Suwonkerd & Somsak Prajakwong, & Boots, M (2006). Long-term patterns of Malaria incidence in Northern Thailand. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 100 (7): 623-631.

Adams, B. & M. Boots (2006). Modelling the Relationship Between Antibody Dependent Enhancement and Immunological Distance with Application to Dengue. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 242 (2): 337-346.

Dieng, H. M Boots, N Tamori, J Higashihara & Y Eshita (2006). Some technical and ecological determinants of hatchibility in Aedes albopictus (Diptera culcidae), a potential candidate for transposon mediated transgenesis. Journal of the American Mosquito control Association. 22 (3): 382-389.


Ryder J.J., K.M Webberley, M Boots & R.J. Knell (2005). Measuring the Transmission Dynamics of a Sexually Transmitted Disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 102, 15140-15143.

Hamilton, R., M Boots & S Paterson (2005). The Effect of Host Heterogeneity and Parasite Intra-genomic Interactions on Parasite Population Structure. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 272, 1647-1653.

Greenman, J.V., T.G. Benton, M. Boots & A. White (2005). The Evolution of Population Dynamics in Age-Structured Species. The American Naturalist. 166, 68-78.

Miller, M.R., A. White & M. Boots (2005). The Evolution of Host Resistance: Tolerance versus Control. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 236, 198-207.

Bowers, R.G., A, Hoyle, M. Boots & A White (2005). The geometric theory of adaptive evolution: Trade-off and invasion plots. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 233, 363-377.


Boots, M, P.J. Hudson & A. Sasaki (2004). Large shifts in pathogen virulence relate   to host population structure. Science, 303, 842-844.

Boots, M & R.G. Bowers (2004). The evolution of acquired immunity. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 271, 715-723.

Boots, M (2004). Modelling insect diseases as functional predators. Physiological Entomology, 29, 237-239.

Kamo M. & Boots M (2004). The curse of the Pharaoh in space: Long lived free-living infective stages and the evolution of virulence. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 231, 435-441.

Greenman, J, M. Kamo & M. Boots (2004). External Forcing of Ecological and Epidemiological Systems: a resonance approach. Physica D, 190, 136-151.


Boots, M, J Greenman, D. Ross, R. Norman, R. Hails & S. Sait (2003). The population dynamical implications of covert infection in host-microparasite interactions. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 1064-1072.

Boots, M & A. Sasaki. (2003) Parasite Evolution and Extinctions. Ecology Letters, 6, 176-182.

Boots, M. & Bowers RG (2003). Do and its general role in understanding host parasite interactions. Journal of Theoretical Biology 233, 361-365.

Kawaguchi, I., A. Sasaki & M. Boots (2003). Antibody dependent enhancement explains coexistence in dengue sero-types. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B 270, 2241-2247.

Tompkins, D, White, A & Boots M (2003). Wildlife disease plays a key role in the replacement of red squirrels by greys in the UK. Ecology Letters, 6, 189-196.

Bowers, R.G., A. White, M. Boots, S.A.H. Geritz & E Kisdi (2003). Evolutionary branching and speciation with explicit and implicit carrying capacities. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 5, 883-891.

Wilson, K, Knell, R & Boots, M & Koch-Osbourne (2003). Group living and disease, resistance. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 133-143.

Dieng, H., Boots, M., T., N., Tuno, Tsuda, Y. & Takagi, M (2003). Effects of a copepod predator on the survivorship and development of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae). Medical Entomology and Zoology. 54(2), 187-192.

Dieng, H., Boots, M., Tuno, N., Tsuda, Y. & Takagi, M. (2003). Life history effects of prey choice by copepods: implications for bio-control of vector mosquitoes. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 19, 67-73.

Dieng, H., Boots, M., T., N., Tuno, Tsuda, Y.& Takagi (2003). A laboratory oviposition study in Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) with reference to habitat size, leaf litter and habitat size-leaf litter interactions. Medical Entomology and Zoology, 54(1), 43-50.


Boots, M. & A. Sasaki. (2002). Extinctions in spatially structured host-pathogen populations. The American Naturalist. 159, 706-713.

Boots, M & Knell, R. (2002). The evolution of risky behaviour in the presence of a sexually transmitted disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 269, 585-589.

Dieng, H., Mwandawiro, C.S, M. Boots, R. Morales, T. Satho, N. Tuno, Y. Tsuda & M. Takagi (2002). Leaf litter decay process and the growth performance of Aedes albopictus larvae (Diptera:Culicidae). Journal Vector Ecology 27, 31-38.

Dieng, H., M. Boots, N. Tuno, Y. Tsuda & M. Takagi (2002). A Laboratory and field evaluation of Macrocyclops distinctus, Megacyclops viridis, and Mesocyclops pehpeiensis as control agents of the dengue vector Aedes albopictus in a peridomestic area in Nagasaki, Japan. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 16, 285-291.

Dieng, H., M. Boots, N. Tuno, Y. Tsuda & M. Takagi (2002). Life history consequences of prey choice by copepods: implications for the bio-control of vector mosquitoes. Medical Entomology and Zoology 16, 285-291.


Boots, M. & R. Norman (2000). Sublethal infection and the population dynamics of host-microparasite interactions. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 517-524.

Boots, M. & A. Sasaki (2000). The evolutionary dynamics of local infection and global reproduction in host-parasite interactions. Ecology Letters 3, 181-185.

Boots, M (2000). Density independent resource limitation and the transmission of insect pathogens. Oecologia, 124, 172-175.

Boots, M. (2000). Sibling cannibalism in the Indian meal moth: no avoidance of relatives. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2, 251-256.

Mwandawiro, C.S., M. Boots, N. Tuno, Y. Tsuda & M. Takagi (2000). Host choice in Japanese Encephalitus vectors in Northern Thailand. Transactions of the    Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 94, 238-242.

pre 2000

Boots, M. (1999). A general host-pathogen model with free-living infective stages and different rates of uptake of the infective stages by infected and susceptible hosts. Researches on Population Ecology, 41, 189-194.

Boots, M. & Y. Haraguchi (1999). The evolution of costly resistance in host-parasite systems. The American Naturalist, 153, 359-370.

Boots, M. & A. Sasaki (1999). “Small Worlds” and the evolution of virulence: infection occurs locally and at a distance. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 266, 1933-1938.

Boots, M. & R.G. Bowers (1999). Three mechanisms of host resistance to microparasites – avoidance, recovery and survival – show different evolutionary dynamics. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 201, 13-23.

Boots, M. (1998). The role of cannibalism in the transmission of an insect disease. Ecological Entomology, 23, 118-122.

Boots, M. & M. Begon (1995). Strain differences in the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella, in response to a granulosis virus. Researches on Population Ecology, 37, 37-42.

Begon, M. & M. Boots (1995). Covert infection or simply resistance? Functional Ecology, 9, 549-550.

Boots, M. &. M. Begon (1994). Resource limitation and the lethal and sub-lethal effects of a viral pathogen in the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella.   Ecological Entomology, 19, 319-326.

Bowers, R.G., M. Boots & M. Begon (1994). Life-history trade-offs and the evolution of pathogen resistance: Competition between host strains. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 257, 247-253.

Boots, M. & M. Begon (1993). Trade-offs with resistance to a granulosis virus in the Indian meal moth, examined by a laboratory evolution experiment. Functional Ecology, 7, 528-534.

Refereed Book Chapters

Boots, M, M. Kamo & A. Sasaki (2006). The implications of spatial structure within populations to the evolution of parasites. In: Feng, Dieckmann & Levin (eds).